Environmental and Economic Impacts of Agrivoltaics in Bangladesh

To tackle the challenge of reconciling renewable energy objectives with limited land availability in Bangladesh, this study scrutinizes the environmental and economic implications of agrivoltaics—the practice of cultivating crops under solar panels. The assessment encompasses the direct and upstream effects on factors such as employment, land use, water resources, greenhouse gas emissions, and co-pollutants. Employing an input-output model, the research compares agrivoltaics with various power sources including coal, gas, oil, hydropower, nuclear, and traditional solar energy. A novel feature of the analysis is its consideration of the land-impacted rather than just land-used aspect of different power sources, which holds the potential to provide crucial insights. By integrating economic, environmental, and climate-related goals, the research challenges conventional views on fossil fuels’ land-use efficiency and employment generation. It presents a holistic approach applicable to developing countries like Bangladesh and envisions real-world implementation, enhancing policy decisions for wider agrivoltaic adoption.

Researchers: Rohini Kamal, Md. Tofail bin Azam

Timeline: 2022–2023