Climate Resilience and Graduation: Evidence From Bangladesh

This collaborative study, conducted in partnership with BRAC, investigates the interplay between climate migration and anti-poverty interventions in the vulnerable context of Bangladesh. Focusing on BRAC’s Ultra-Poor Graduation (UPG) initiative, the study assesses its effectiveness in addressing poverty and climate adaptation challenges.

Researchers: Robin Burgess; Oriana Bandiera; Gharad Bryan; Stefano Caria; Rohini Kamal

Partner: BRAC Ultra-Poor Development Programme

Timeline: 2022–2024

Status: Ongoing

Contact: Dr Rohini Kamal;


Bangladesh, marked by climate vulnerability due to its geographical features and population density, necessitates robust poverty alleviation strategies. In collaboration with BRAC, this study explores the potential of integrating climate migration considerations into anti-poverty interventions.


The study aims to evaluate BRAC’s UPG initiative in the context of climate-induced vulnerabilities, particularly through in-situ adaptation and migration approaches. It seeks to assess the effectiveness of these strategies in reducing poverty and enhancing climate resilience.

This study is relevant to SDG 1 (no poverty), particularly to ending poverty in all its forms everywhere.


Employing a randomized controlled trial (RCT), eligible households are identified, and their preferences for adaptation and migration will be examined. The study will utilize three arms of the RCT to compare the impacts of the UPG initiative’s different approaches. The research design enables an assessment of the programme’s efficacy and scalability in addressing climate-induced vulnerabilities while contributing to sustainable development goals.