Smartphone Ownership, Economic Empowerment and Women’s Property Rights: Experimental Evidence from Malawi

This study examines the impact of reducing the mobile gender gap in Blantyre, Malawi, through a randomized controlled trial with 1,500 married women who initially did not own mobile phones. Participants were assigned to one of four groups: individual smartphone treatment, couples smartphone treatment, cash, and control. Nine months later, the study assessed the effects on women’s economic well-being, household bargaining power, empowerment, and community beliefs, offering strategies to enhance women’s digital rights in low-income countries.

Author: Roessler, Philip; Kumar, Tanu; Bhattacharya, Shreya; Carroll, Peter;  Dulani, Boniface; Nielson, Daniel
Type: Working Paper
Year: 2023