Self-Reliance Situation of Host Communities in Cox’s Bazar

There has been a continuous influx of Rohingya refugees, locally known as unregistered Myanmar nationals, crossing the border into Cox’s Bazar of Bangladesh. The influx has created a humanitarian crisis with an estimated of 688,000 population migrated from Myanmar (as of 11 February 2018), the Inter-Sector Coordination Group (ISCG) reported that almost 688,000 Rohingya refugees have entered Bangladesh since the attacks). This situation has negatively affected approximately 1.2 million host population. The impact of the influx of refugees on the host communities have been substantial, however to date they have received bare minimum support or attention from the international humanitarian community or local government. An assessment in mixed-method approach was conducted by Save the Children, BRAC, UNHCR, World Vision and World Food Program from December 2017 to January 2018 to analyze and understand the impact of influx on Host Community and also to explore the various opportunities, conducive to the affected host and Rohingyas in the most affected sub-districts of Teknaf and Ukhiya Upazilas, since August 2017. Significant fluctuation in income and expenditures were found, along with a strong impact on cropping in villages and areas adjacent to the camps and border, and considerable encroachment on forest resources. The assessment suggests short-term and long-term recommendations, as findings from the host community stressed on income generation activities, cash support, rebuilding the agriculture sector, and creating an opportunity for work.

Publishers: Save the Children, BRAC, World Vision, WFP, UNHCR
Type: Report
Year: 2018