Role of Electoral Competition in Explaining Political Violence in Bangladesh – A District-Level Analysis

This paper deals with political violence in Bangladesh. This paper shows that the degree of political violence varies widely in districts and argues that this can be explained by the difference in political competitiveness. We use election competition as a proxy of political competitiveness and attempt to study whether it can explain variation in political violence in districts. This paper tests the hypothesis using a multiple regression model and finds substantial support for the hypothesis. It is also found that allocation of development expenditure, population density and urban centricity, along with the location of regional headquarters are strong determinants of political violence.

Authors: Aziz, Syeda Salina; Razzaque, Farhana
Type: Journal Article
Year: 2018