Making Citizen’s Charter Effective in Public Organizations of Bangladesh: Rhetoric or Reality? A Study of Department of Immigration and Passports

Citizen’s Charter (CC), as a means of improving public service delivery, has become popular around the world since the 1990s. In order to change administrative rigidity and enhance the responsiveness of public organizations to society, the Government of Bangladesh (GOB) introduced CC in 2007. The principal objective of this study is to assess the effectiveness of this CC program. It also attempts to explore and analyze the factors and actors that may have bearing on the effectiveness of the CC program in public organizations. The focus of this study is the Department of Immigration and Passports (DIP) of GOB. In this study, the effectiveness of CC is measured by five service quality dimensions. These are timeliness, accessibility, responsiveness, cost-effectiveness, and grievance redress mechanism. Combinations of quantitative and qualitative methods have been used in this study. The findings of this study revealed that citizen’s charter at DIP was largely successful in providing required information to the service seekers and successful to some extent in ensuring accessibility to concerned officials. However, it was also disclosed that service seekers sometimes find the officials unfriendly and unresponsive. Moreover, it was found that service provision is costly and complaint system is fully non-functional. All these indicate that the quality of service provision at DIP is yet to be satisfactory, leading to the conclusion that the goals of CC are not fully realized so far. Furthermore, the findings also revealed that human resources at DIP is inadequate in number and even the available personnel lack socialization with the ethos and principles of CC. As a result DIP personnel are less committed to CC goals subsequently negatively contributing to the achievement of CC goals.

Author: Razzaque, Farhana
Type: Report
Year: 2011