Livelihood Transitions and Coping With Shocks: Women in the Ready-Made Garment (RMG) Sector Coping With COVID-19

This paper examines in detail the experiences of a small group of workers from the export-oriented ready-made garment (RMG) industry in Bangladesh and how they coped with the shocks and disruptions associated with COVID-19. The research is based on qualitative interviews of male (10) and female (30) RMG workers and several key informant interviews (KIIs) with NGO staff and trade union leaders working on the RMG industry in Bangladesh. It was carried out from Jan–Feb 2021. Due to the COVID-19 situation, this research was conducted over the phone. The garment workers went through a period of uncertainty and hardship, exacerbated by the government’s lack of clarity about the duration of the lockdown and employers’ responsibility. Although there was provision for a stimulus package, the research found that the more privileged sections of the garment workforce, those working in registered factories, benefited from these provisions. Those in small, unregistered factories suffered the same fate as informal workers: deprived of their jobs and left to cope on their own. 

Authors: Kabeer, Naila; Huq, Lopita; Aktar, Taslima; Mamun, Saklain Al; Alam, Afsana; Nath, Shravasti Roy; Sultana, Razia
Type: Working paper
Year: 2022