Date08 August 2016
STATE OF CITIES 2016: Traffic Congestion in Dhaka City - Governance Perspectives
The study focuses on the Dhaka Metropolitan area and six key government agencies in particular – Dhaka Metropolitan Police (DMP), Dhaka North City Corporation (DNCC), Dhaka South City Corporation (DSCC), Bangladesh Road Transport Authority (BRTA), Dhaka Transport Coordination Authority (DTCA) and Rajuk. Based on 'governance perspectives' the investigation was conducted adopting a 'political economy framework'. Data was collected from both primary and secondary sources through key informant interviews, a 'score-card' survey of the six institutions, case studies and site observations. A major questionnaire survey of 774 transport users was also carried out to obtain people's views of the main traffic issues and priorities for action.
The report examines transport demand and supply in Dhaka city and how it affects traffic congestion. Congestion is caused by transport demand outstripping the supply of infrastructure. Government authorities in Dhaka have responded by building more infrastructures, especially roads, flyovers and now elevated expressways, but the management perspectives of traffic congestion have largely been overlooked. This study found that institutional and management factors underlay most of the traffic congestion problems, including poor planning of the road network, minimal restraint of private car use, poor organisation of Dhaka's bus system and poor co-ordination of the government agencies involved in transport.
The survey of transport users found that most people identified management issues as the main causes of traffic congestion, particularly: (1) haphazard parking, (2) streets occupied by private transport, and (3) violation of traffic rules. Therefore effective traffic management, including restraining the demand for private transport, is crucial for reducing Dhaka's congestion.
STATE OF CITIES 2016: Traffic Congestion in Dhaka City - Governance Perspective