1. Study on institutional relationships and linkages among Local Government Institutions
Project Lead: Dr. Mirza Hassan
Funded by: Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) under the SHARIQUE III consortium project
The research aims to map and analyze the institutional-relational factors, i.e. formal and informal linkages between Upazila Parishad (UZP) and Union Parishad (UP). Linkages refer to administrative, financial, legal and accountability relations between the institutions. The study also plans to explore the nature of relationships that exist between actors within each institution. These relations are also embedded in and shaped by larger contextual variables such as national and local politics and bureaucratic culture. A major focus of the study is to understand these institutional-relational and contextual variables and to explore how these influence the incentives, interests and power of the relevant actors. Given the political economy framework the study is expected to shed light on the nature of institutional conditions which will ensure citizens’ effective oversight over the local government functionaries and capacitate them to provide services efficiently and inclusively.
• Contact person at BIGD: Dr. Jens Stanislawski, Research Fellow, BIGD; Dr.Mirza Hassan, Lead Researcher, BIGD
• Output/Publication: Study report
• External link:(link to Sharique-III if available)
2. Study on Social Accountability
Project Lead: Dr. Tofail Ahmed
Funded by: Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) under the SHARIQUE III consortium project
The principal objective of the research is to explore the nature and extent of space available to citizens to directly engage with the Upazila and Union Parishad (UP) administration. The study will particularly look at the spaces for exacting direct accountability (social accountability) opened up for the citizens at the UP level due to enactment of 2009 UP Act (Ward Shobha, Open Budget, Standing Committees, Project Committees). A major objective of the research will be to understand the nature of quality of citizenship, i.e. whether citizens has the required motivation and the capacity to effectively engage with their representatives to ensure their accountability and also provide inputs in the budget/policy decisions as well as monitor project implementation process.
• Contact person at BIGD: Dr. Jens Stanislawski, Research Fellow, BIGD; Dr.Tofail Ahmed, Head of Politics, Democracy and Governance cluster, BIGD
• Output/Publication: Study report
• External link: Local Governance Programme SHARIQUE
3. Improving the Quality of Social Provisioning within Competitive Clientelist Context: A Comparison between Bangladesh and Ghana
Research Co-ordinator for Bangladesh: Dr. Mirza Hassan
Funded by DFID, under the Effective States and Inclusive Development (ESID) Research Program Consortium based at the University of Manchester, UK
A two-year comparative research with Ghana exploring the politics of education reform, the project examines the make-up of the political actors behind education reform, and how bargaining between different social groups over reform shapes the quantity and quality of educational provisions. The aim of the research was to understand how successful reforms take place in clientelist contexts.
• Contact person at BIGD: Dr. Mirza Hassan, Lead Researcher, BIGD
Hassan, M. (2013), Political Settlement Dynamics in a Limited Access Order, ESID Working Paper no 23, University of Manchester.
• External link: Education in competitive clientelist contexts: Bangladesh and Ghana
4. Baseline Perception Study of Access to Justice for the Marginalized and Excluded through Community Legal Services
Project Lead: Dr.Mirza Hassan
Funded by: Commissioned by Bangladesh Legal Aid and Services Trust (BLAST)
The project “Access to Justice for the Marginalized and Excluded through Community Legal Services” was initiated to scale up and support Bangladesh Legal Aid Service’s Trust’s existing Community Legal Service (CLS) program to expand the outreach to the ultra poor and hard to reach areas to ensure community support. The project is being implemented in five districts. The baseline study is being conducted by BIGD focuses on assessing the existing condition of the community legal system and findings from this study will be used to evaluate the outcomes of the project.
• Contact person at BIGD: Dr.Mirza Hassan, Lead Researcher, BIGD; Sadiat Mannan, Research Associate, BIGD
• Output/Publication: Baseline perception study report
5. Baseline survey of the Journey for Advancement in Transparency, Representation and Accountability (JATRA) project
Project Lead: Dr. Mirza Hassan
Funded by: Commissioned by CARE Bangladesh
CARE Bangladesh has been awarded a grant by the World Bank through the Global Partnership for Social Accountability to implement the Journey for Advancement in Transparency, Representation and Accountability (JATRA) project. This project focuses on accountability and transparency of the Union Parishad (UP) budget cycle. The overarching goal of the project is to strengthen the Union Parishad from by establishing transparent and participatory budget processes, which will improve their legitimacy, their effectiveness in delivering services and ultimately their income revenues. The overall objective of this research is to provide accurate baseline information that will be used as a foundation for the monitoring and evaluation of the project.
• Contact person at BIGD: Dr.Mirza Hassan, Lead Researcher, BIGD
• Output/Publications:Baseline survey report
6. United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC)
Project lead:Barrister Manzoor Hasan
Commissioned by: Government of Bangladesh (GoB)
The accession of the United Nations Conventions Against Corruption (UNCAC), in February 2007, by the Government of Bangladesh (GoB) has been a symbolic and significant step toward reforms for good governance and consistent with its commitment and declared strategy to fighting corruption and complying to international standards. The Bangladesh Compliance Analysis has been carried out by GoB in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) in Bangladesh. The Institute of Governance Studies (IGS), now a part of BIGD, primarily provided technical support. Expert advice has been provided by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) in Vienna, Austria and the Basel Institute of Governance (BIG) in Switzerland. Additionally, the "Guidance Note: UNCAC Self-Assessments - Going Beyond the Minimum” was published by the UNDP Asia-Pacific Regional Centre in Bangkok in partnership with UNODC, GTZ, Basel Institute on Governance (Switzerland) and the Institute of Governance Studies, which is a practical guide to undertaking a participatory self-assessment of implementation of the United Nations Convention against Corruption (UNCAC).
• Contact: Md.Harun-Or Rashid, Research Associate, BIGD
• External Link:http://corruptionresearchnetwork.org/
o “UNCAC:A Bangladesh Action Plan for Compliance”, First Edition published by the Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Link to the report:
o “UNCAC: A Bangladesh Action Plan for Compliance”, Second Edition published by the Government of People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Link to the report:
o "Guidance Note: UNCAC Self-Assessments - Going Beyond the Minimum”, published by the UNDP Asia-Pacific Regional Centre in Bangkok. Link to the report:
7. Deepening Democracy, Building Citizenship and Promoting Participation
Program Leader: Simeen Mahmud
Funded by DFID through the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex,UK
The research addressed the paradox of democracy in Bangladesh, where despite inadequate and distorted democratic practices, a public commitment to improve the lives of those living in poverty exists. The research showed that membership in social mobilization organizations is most likely to enable people to have a deeper understanding of citizenship and rights and engage with the community, local government and the state to claim their rights. A strong link was also found between social mobilization strategies and poverty reduction. The research project was part of an 8-country program under the Development Research Center on Citizenship, Participation and Accountability (Citizenship DRC), based at the IDS, University of Sussex, UK. BRAC Development Institute (BDI), now a part of BIGD, was a partner of this consortium. The Citizenship DRC partners are currently collaborating to build policy-relevant research agenda on the new challenges of democratization.
• Contact: Lopita Huq, Research Fellow, BIGD
o NagorikAdhikarMela (Citizen Rights Fair), January 22-23, 2010
o NagorikAdhikarMela Partner NGO Dialogue, February 28, 2010
o Kabeer, N and L. Huq (2010). ‘The Power of Relationships: Love and Solidarity in a Landless Women’s Organization in Rural Bangladesh’ in IDS Bulletin, Vol.41. No.2 Mar 2010.
o Kabeer N, Mahmud S and Castro J (2012). ‘NGOs and the Political Empowerment of Poor People in Rural Bangladesh: Cultivating the Habits of Democracy?’ World Development, Vol. 40, No. 10, October 2012, Elsevier.
o Kabeer, N and Mahmud, S. (2010). ‘Microfinance and Social Mobilization: Alternative Pathways to Grassroots Democracy?’ in Coelho and von Lieres (eds.) Mobilizing for Democracy, Zed Books, London, UK; NY, USA. 2010.
o Mahmud S. (2010). ‘Why do garment workers in Bangladesh fail to mobilize?’ in Thompson and Tapscott (eds) Citizenship and Social Movements, Zed Books, UK; NY, USA. 2010.
o Huq, L. and S. Mahmud. (2013). “Mediation at the Grassroots: NGO Strategies in Claiming Rights in Bangladesh” forthcoming book chapter in Citizenship as Mediation: The Role of Intermediaries in Relations between States and Poor & Marginalised Groups in the Global South, Palgrave Publishers
Reports and Monographs
o Research Brief - “Seeing like a Citizen – Vision of Shorkar” Issue 01, Jan 2009.
o Research Brief - “Seeing like a Citizen – Grassroots Understanding of Citizenship and Rights Issue 02, Oct 2009.
o Research Brief - “Seeing like a Citizen – Voice of the People” Issue 03, April 2010.
o Research Brief - “Mobilizing at the Grassroots” Issue 04, April 2011.
o Kabeer, N., S. Mahmud and J. Castro 2010. ‘NGOs’ Strategies and the Challenges of Development and Democracy in Bangladesh’. IDS Working Paper 343. 2010.
o ‘Building Citizenship from Below’. 2008. Collection of participatory videos made by members of grassroots organizations.
8. Towards a Citizen-Centred National Integrity Strategy
Project leads:Barrister Manzoor Hasan and Ekram Hossain
Commissioned by:Government of Bangladesh (GoB)
The National Integrity Strategy (NIS), developed with the Government of Bangladesh (GoB),aims to offer a vision to the development and implementation of reforms to promote better governance and combat corruption in Bangladesh. It is envisaged that such a strategy will highlight the need for public and private sector reforms, involve public awareness campaigns, and seek international cooperation. The NIS highlights institutional failures to strengthen internal controls in state institutions and aims to induce a culture shift by encouraging the adoption of citizen-owned accountability mechanisms in Bangladesh.
• Contact: Ekram Hossain, Project Manager (Communications), BIGD
o IGS. (2007). Towards a Citizen-Centred National Integrity Strategy: Concept Note. Dhaka: Institute of Governance Studies, BRAC University.Link to the report: http://igs-bracu.ac.bd/images/stories/pdfs/nis_final.pdf(change link if necessary upon website change as it is from IGS)
o National Integrity Strategy report submitted to GoB (provide link)
9. Public Private Stakeholders Committee
Project Lead: Md. Rafiqul Islam Talukdar
Commissioned by: Central Procurement Technical Unit (CPTU), IMED, Planning Ministry, Government of Bangladesh(note: PPRP/PPSC is funded by World Bank)
The Institute provided technical assistance to the “Public Private Stakeholder Committee (PPSC)” constituted under the auspices of the Component – 4 of the Public Procurement Reform Project-II (PPRP-II) titled, “Expert and Support Services to the Public-Private Stakeholders Committee (PPSC)”. The Public Procurement Reform Project –II is a follow-up project of the Public Procurement Reform Project (PPRP). The first PPRP (duration 2002-2007) laid down the policy and legal framework (Public Procurement Regulations, 2003 and Public Procurement Act, 2006) regarding operational, implementation and monitoring functions (creation of CPTU in April 2002) of public procurement. The objective of PPRP-II was to improve performance of the public procurement system progressively in Bangladesh, focusing largely on the key sectoral ministries and targeting their implementing agencies.
• Contact: Md. Rafiqul Islam Talukdar, Senior Programme Manager, BIGD
• Workshops/Meetings: (links to the workshops may be provided, the current links are IGS website based)
o A National Workshop to finalize the framework for Citizens’ engagement held, January 2014(please provide links to newspaper articles of coverage as well)
o 8th PPSC meeting, September 2013
• Output/Publication: (please make sure links to the newsletters are provided)
o Case Study-1, GOVERNMENT PURCHASING IN BANGLADESH: A case to look into legal compliance, December 2013
o Case Study-2, Public Procurement Implementation in Bangladesh: A case of monitoring by citizens, December 2013
o Case Study-3, Third Party Monitoring of Public Procurement: Experience from Narayanganj Citizen Committee, December 2013
o Case Study-4, Citizen Engagement in Union Parishad Procurement: A Case Study on Local Government Support Project, December 2013
• PPSC Newsletters:
o Fourth PPSC Newsletter: Public Procurement Watch, PPSC, Volume 1, Issue 4, March 2011
o Fifth PPSC Newsletter: Public Procurement Watch, PPSC, Volume 1, Issue 5, June 2011
o Sixth PPSC Newsletter: Public Procurement Watch, PPSC, Volume 2, Issue 6, September 2011
o Seventh PPSC Newsletter: Public Procurement Watch, , Volume 2, Issue 7
o Eighth PPSC Newsletter: Public Procurement Watch, PPSC, Volume 2, Issue 8, July 2012
o Ninth PPSC Newsletter: Public Procurement Watch, PPSC, Issue 9, August 2012
o Tenth PPSC Newsletter: Public Procurement Watch, PPSC, Issue 10, October 2012
o Eleventh PPSC Newsletter: Public Procurement Watch, PPSC, Issue 11, December 2012
o Twelfth PPSC Newsletter: Public Procurement Watch, PPSC, Issue 12, 2013
o Thirteenth PPSC Newsletter: Public Procurement Watch, PPSC, Issue 13, 2013
o Fourteenth PPSC Newsletter: Public Procurement Watch, PPSC, Issue 14, 2013
o Fifteenth PPSC Newsletter: Public Procurement Watch, PPSC, Issue 15, 2013
10. Parliamentary Program
Lead: Barrister Saiful Bhuiyan
Funded by: World Bank Institute, Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and Development Alternatives Incorporated (DAI), USAID
The key objective of parliamentary program of the Institute was to develop sustainable and locally-owned parliamentary resources for building the capacity of Bangladesh JatiyaSangshad (National Assembly). For attaining this objective the Institute developed training modules on parliamentary oversight that have been utilized by World Bank Institute (WBI) and Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) to increase the capacity of Parliament. The Institute has also produced briefing materials on the management of the national budget and monitoring of government expenses that can be utilized by MPs and the parliament secretariat.
• Contact: Md. Harun-Or Rashid, Research Associate, BIGD
• Output/Publication:Parliamentary Oversight and Social Accountability, A Discussion Note. ANSA South Asian Region, January 2011.
provide link to parliamentary oversight and social accountability discussion note and other outputs if possible.
o Outputs from Parliament Research
1. Module on Parliamentary Ethics and Codes of Conducts
2. Public Information Booklet 9th Parliament of Bangladesh
3. Benchmarks for Democratic Legislature
4. PAC and C&AG Module
5. Module on Public Accounts Committee (PAC)
6. Role of Parliament/MPs in Capital Budget Preparation, Implementation and Oversight
7. The Role of Public Accounts Committee in Bangladesh
8. Bangla Booklet: ShongshoderKarjaboli
o Briefing Notes on Parliament
1. Briefing Note: Fiscal Policy and Growth
2. Briefing Note: Improving Expenditure Management
3. Briefing Note: Parliament in LS projects
4. Briefing Note: Participatory Budgeting
5. Devices for Parliamentarians
6. PRSP and its Importance
7. Public Expenditure Management in Developing Countries
8. Selected important rules for MPs
9. Parliamentary Brief 2: Right to Information
10. Briefing note: UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) and Role of Parliament Members
11. Affiliated Network for Social Accountability South Asia Region (ANSA-SAR)
Project Lead: NuzhatJabin
Funded by: World Bank Institute
The Affiliated Networks for Social Accountability (ANSA) are an initiative to promote, strengthen and sustain social accountability knowledge and praxis globally. Social Accountability refers to the ways and means in which citizens can hold public institutions accountable in terms of delivering public services, improving people's welfare and protecting people's rights and entitlements. The primary objective of ANSA-SAR & Global is to enhance and scale up social accountability and governance initiatives in the South Asia Region and elsewhere, through providing project grants to civil society organizations, giving academic fellowships to young scholars and building capacities and competencies within both state and civil society institutions. ANSA South Asia Region (ANSA-SAR) & Global was coordinated from the Institute of Governance Studies, BRAC University.
• Contact: may be Musthafizur Rahman from BIGD
• External Links:(decide on how these links should be displayed, esp. for the last 3)
o ANSA website: http://www.ansa-sar.org/
o Publications of ANSA:http://ansa-sar.org/2012/index.php?option=com_phocadownload&view=section&id=1&Itemid=96
o Project case studies:http://ansa-sar.org/2012/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=5829&Itemid=147
o ANSA-SAR Capacity Building Exercises:http://ansa-sar.org/2012/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=44&Itemid=65
12. Bangladesh Youth Survey 2011 (BYS)
Project lead: Dr. Elvira Graner
The project was co-funded by Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation and UNDP’s Democratic Governance Cluster, as well as the Affiliated Network of Social Accountability – South Asia Region, and the International Development Research Centre’s Think Tank Initiative.
Bangladesh Youth Survey 2011 studied young people’s perception and experience of politics and society in Bangladesh. The BYS includes a nation-wide quantitative survey (among 6,500 youth), as well as a series of case studies for further qualitative information on core policies as education, skill development, labour market, information technology. The survey also explored the role of youth within the state, society, community and family.
• Contact person at BIGD:Syeda Salina Aziz
• External link:N/A