Project Name: GENDER NORMS, LABOUR SUPPLY AND POVERTY REDUCTION IN COMPARATIVE CONTEXT: EVIDENCE FROM RURAL INDIA AND BANGLADESH
Project Duration: 2014-2017
Funding: ESRC/DFID joint Fund for Poverty Alleviation Research
Principal Investigator: Prof. Wendy Olsen, University of Manchester, UK

Cooperation partners:

Dr. Daniel Neff, GIGA Institute of Asian Studies
Prof. Amaresh Dubey, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
Prof. Kunal Sen, University of Manchester, UK

Research Team:
Simeen Mahmud, CGST, BIGD, BRAC University, Bangladesh; Dr. Sohela Nazneen, CGST, BIGD, BRAC University, Bangladesh; Maheen Sultan, CGST, BIGD, BRAC University; Saima Huq Bidisha, Sadia Mustafa, Kabita Chowdhury, Saiful Islam, Sahida Khondaker, Bayazid Hasan

Cluster: Gender Studies

The project has focused on women's well-being as related to their attitudes and their work. It has two branches and involves research in two geographic areas, rural Bangladesh and rural low-income parts of India. The first part is to use secondary data to look at changing attitudes and women's labour-force involvement over two decades. For the second part the team collected primary survey data at household, personal and village level and at two points in time within one year, to allow for male-female wage differentials to be examined over a small seasonal panel. The project objective is to analyze cultural, religious and social effect in the labour market participation.  In Bangladesh part, in the two stages of the project management, survey data have been collected from 500 households of 9 villages in both the north and south districts of Bangladesh. Detail qualitative data have been collected by interviewing 80 women and men. By collecting primary data, the project will play an important role in improving the lives of poor people by reviewing the direct and indirect effect of poverty alleviation. The research program also analyzes gender impacts in Bangladesh's labor market.


Contribution to International Research

To fill a gap in the knowledge about variations in the gender impact (and its mediation through social and micro norms) of poverty alleviation interventions in rural India and Bangladesh. The project particularly has focused on social differentiation (in rural areas with many poor people) in attitudes about women's work and its effect on women's work.