Policy Note Social Accountability In Public Procurement: How Citizen Engagement Can Make A Difference Contributor: Mirza M Hassan, Syeda Salina Aziz, Nadir Shah
In Bangladesh various social accountability mechanisms are being used in different projects in an experimental manner though at least in one important case it has been adopted as a standard policy and implemented on a national scale (LGSP). One very recent initiative in this regard is the incorporation of social accountability mechanism in public procurement, which is being piloted under the Procurement Reform Project (PPRP)-II . This policy note reflects on the design and experiences of this piloting initiative specifically in public construction works and tries to draw interim lessons for development of strategies so that replication of similar project can be done on a wider scale.
Public Finance and Revenue Mobilization of Union Parishads:
A Case of Four Union Parishads
Contributors: Sultan Hafeez Rahman, Md Shanawez Hossain and Mohammed Misbah Uddin
The study stated that increasing revenues alone, without supplementary reforms, will not empower UPs to carry out effective public service delivery. Emphasis should be given on enhancing UPs' capacity to manage local revenues and engaging citizens in planning and budgeting local development. Tax management system needs to be improved for example, by conducting more accurate tax assessment, swift disciplinary action against tax related misconduct, public disclosure of revenue and expenditure to ensure transparency, etc. Simultaneously, awareness raising activities can be undertaken to popularize the tax payment system.
Contributors: Maheen Sultan, Md. Bayazid Hasan, Sahida Islam Khondaker, Ahmed Asif Enam, Towhid Iqram Mahmood, Sohela Nazneen
The study focused on a few key questions: a) how, where and when women receive support for their accession and practice of political leadership at the local level; b) how women engage with opposition (from the family, community, political parties, from the rest of the UP members) in such a process; c) the kinds of coalitions women representatives form as they try to promote their political agenda once they are in power and the strategies they follow and negotiations they make to further their objectives; d) what is women's experience in negotiating local bureaucracy and political power structures; e) how people perceive women's leadership at the local level (citizens, local administration, NGOs, political actors).
Case Study Citizen Engagement in Public Procurement: Experience from pilot districts Contributor: Dr. Md. Shanawez Hossain, Gazi Arafat Uz Zaman Markony, Raihan Ahmed
Bangladesh spends a major portion of its development budget on public procurement and tenderers generally implement these procurement projects. The issue of citizens’ engagement is expected to be a helpful tool to establish transparency and accountability in implementation of procurement along with ensuring high quality of such public service delivery. Public procurement activities aim to use public money efficiently by providing quality services. Citizen engagement is a potential mechanism to ensure this efficiency by allowing citizens’ participatory role in different stages of the public procurement process. Although it has been only recently introduced in Bangladesh, in a limited way, the initial experiences from pilot project indicate that citizens can be made quickly aware of it and they have the incentives to embrace it enthusiastically to make procurement process transparent and effective.