(From left to right)  Mr. Martuza Ahmed, Dr. Sadaat Hussein, Dr Sultan Hafeez Rahman, Mr. Hasanul Haq Inu MP, Mr. Muhammad
Musharraf Hossain Bhuiyan, Mr. Ekram Ahmed and Prof. Dr. Khurshida Begum Sayeed seen at the seminar 
A Seminar on Performance Management of the Public Service Commission and Information Commission of Bangladesh was organised by BRAC Institute of Governance and Development (BIGD), BRAC University, in partnership with the Cabinet Division of the Government of Bangladesh and the World Bank on 30th August, 2015 at the Pan Pacific Sonargaon Dhaka.
Mr. Hasanul Haq Inu MP, Honorable Minister, Ministry of Information attended the event as the Chief Guest. He urged the government officials to act within the law and come out of corrupt practices like lobbying and political influence. He emphasized on the need for Government of Bangladesh to adjust certain practices, to be able to stand alongside other countries of the region and the globe, as a well performing democracy. He highlighted the issues that can help the public servants to improve their efficiency level and said they must be 'innovative' and earn 'entrepreneurial' quality to bypass the influence. He also stressed on building a skill-based administration by practicing meritocracy. He added, the Government Performance Management System (GPMS) can help public officials focus and align their expertise with the right institutions.
Dr. Sadaat Hussein, former Bangladesh Public Service Commission (BPSC) Chairman and Cabinet Secretary, in the keynote speech made some crucial points. He argued that control of corruption practice at the top four levels of government institutions and statutory bodies, will positively impact the performance of all other officials of those institutions. He appreciated Cabinet Division for sharing the experience of GPMS with other government institutions, and wished that smooth adaption of GPMS will enhance the mobility of both the institutions.
Since GPMS has already been established in Bangladesh, there are important lessons to look at on how the implementation has gone so far. These lessons were shared by Mr. Mohammad Mahiuddin Khan, Additional Secretary, Cabinet Division. He talked about both the positives and negatives that the government has had to face in attempting a smooth transition of the GPMS into their current system. He noted that moving the focus from process-orientation to results-orientation of the ministries has proved to be a major hindrance.
BIGD Executive Director Dr Sultan Hafeez Rahman presided over the seminar, addressed by Cabinet Secretary Muhammad Musharraf Hossain Bhuiyan, BPSC Chairman Ekram Ahmed, Information Commissioner Prof. Dr. Khurshida Begum Sayeed and Information Secretary Martuza Ahmed.
Prof. Khurshida emphasized on the need for the top level officials to maintain certain performance standards as their actions have a great impact on the performance of all other personnel of the institution. Mr. Bhuiyan revealed the audience on how the government is devising an accountability tool, which, if built appropriately, can be used to hold any government officials, even ministers, accountable for the service they provide.
Distinguished Guests and Participants at the open floor discussion
In the open discussion, Dr. Mahbub Ullah, Professor, University of Dhaka expressed a slightly pessimistic view of the GPMS, stating that certain rigidities were present in government institutions and therefore it is difficult to think that government officials will follow performance management norms. Prof. Md. Golam Rahman, BSS Chairman and Pro-Vice Chancellor of Daffodil University, also voiced his opinion, saying that transparency is a major issue and that it is rarely easy to gather information from government officials. He also shed light on the fact that most Annual Development Budget financed government projects get done towards the end of the fiscal year, greatly compromising the quality of the product. In extreme cases, these projects don’t even get completed on time.
Dr. Sultan Hafeez Rahman is seen delivering his concluding remarks
In the concluding remarks, Dr. Sultan Hafeez Rahman said there is a strong positive relationship between an efficient bureaucracy and a better performing economy. He reminded the audience that bureaucracy is in fact the trustee of the nation and therefore has a duty to the nation to always improve and maintain performance standards.
Distinguished Guests and Participants at the event
Among others, members from the two commissions, government officials, journalists and members of the civil society attended the seminar.
The main purpose of the seminar was to understand how the Government Performance Management System (GPMS) works in Bangladesh and to incorporate that knowledge into creating a better functioning and efficient performance assessment process.
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MEDIA COVERAGE: BIGD Seminar on Performance Management of Public Service Commission and Information Commission of Bangladesh



Mr. M A Mannan MP, Honorable State Minister, Ministry of  Finance and Ministry of Planning at a Seminar jointly organized by Cabinet Division and BIGD
Effective use of technology and professionalism needed for quick disposal of audit objections

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Effective use of technology can help in quick disposal of public sector audit objections, said Mr. M A Mannan MP, State Minister of Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Planning. Citing Government Performance Management System (GPMS), a creative tool which helps to measure performance and subsequently reveal what works and what does not, Mr. Mannan said the Audit department is a key player in ensuring that such useful technology-based tool gets used for the improvement of the system and establishing good governance. He also said professional conduct by the audit officials will play a critical role to restrict the climbing number of audit objections.  He stressed on further simplification of the public audit system.

Seminar COP image 5 Medium

Mr. Mannan was addressing a seminar as the Chief Guest titled Facilitating Disposal of Audit Objections on March 12, 2016, co-organized by BRAC Institute of Governance and Development (BIGD), BRAC University and the Cabinet Division of the Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, in partnership with the World Bank Group under a project titled ‘Community of Practice on Performance Management in South Asia.’

Mr. Mahbub Ahmed, Senior Secretary, Finance Division attended the seminar as the Special Guest. Dr. Sultan Hafeez Rahman, Executive Director, BIGD and Mr. N M Zeaul Alam, Secretary in Charge (Coordination and Reforms), Cabinet Division delivered the opening and concluding remarks respectively. Mr. Mohammad Shafiul Alam, Cabinet Secretary chaired the event.

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(Clockwise from top left) M A Mannan MP, Mohammad Shafiul Alam, Mahbub Ahmed, Dr. Sultan Hafeez Rahman, N M Zeaul Alam,
Md. Mohiuddin Khan,Md. Rafiquzzaman, Shish Haider Chowdhury, Md. Abual Hossain,Rezauddin M Chowdhury at the event

Mr. Mahbub Ahmed said there was a notion before the 90’s that resource constraint is the main problem for the developing nations. However, in current times, it is the lack of governance that poses the biggest threat. But audits can play a key role in ensuring accountability and transparency in the public sector, which eventually help to strengthen good governance. He also stressed on updating audit codes, arranging more audit-related trainings and strengthening professionalism in auditing. 

Mr. Mohammad Shafiul Alam said it is necessary to synchronise audit rules some of which have become obsolete. He stressed on compliance with government rules and regulations properly to avoid further emergence of audit objections. He also urged the Secretaries to take steps to address (climbing number of) audit objections. 

The participants at the seminar were told that a large portion of the piled up audit objections are very small and can be disposed off if there is no gap in understanding between the auditors and the officials of public entities, and by bringing about some changes to existing rules.  Recommendations also came for formulating an audit act, separation of public audit and accounts, increasing number of audit officials, introduction of internal audit system in every ministry, reduction of miscommunication between audited entities and auditors, training of officials so that they better understand existing rules and regulations, among others.

Seminar COP image 7Participants at the open discussion
Earlier in his opening remarks, Dr. Sultan Hafeez Rahman highlighted BIGD’s supportive drive to help strengthen the performance management system of the Government through implementation of a Government Performance Management System (GPMS) in Bangladesh since 2014, in cooperation with the World Bank Group and Cabinet Division, the Government of Bangladesh under a project titled “Community of Practice (CoP) on Performance Management in South Asia”.  He expressed his high hopes that seminars like this will carry forward the dialogue on audit vs accounts management of the Government of Bangladesh and come up with recommendations on how to effectively facilitate Disposal of Audit Objections. 

In the seminar, Mr. Rezauddin M Chowdhury, former Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) presented the keynote paper. Md. Rafiquzzaman, Additional Secretary, Ministry of Civil Aviation & Tourism; Md. Mohiuddin Khan, Additional Secretary, Cabinet Division; Md. Abual Hossain, Joint Secretary, Ministry of Land, and Mr. Shish Haider Chowdhury, Deputy Secretary, Finance Division participated in the panel discussion. Amongst others, Mr. N M Zeaul Alam, Secretary in Charge (Coordination & Reforms), Cabinet division also participated in the discussion.



BIGD & Copenhagen Consensus Center’s
Seminar on Smart Interventions for 7th Plan Priorities

Further priority should be given for the expansion of e-procurement, land digitization and union digital centre. The economic benefits would be much higher and service delivery would improve if the government gives further priority to digitization during the ongoing seventh five-year plan between 2016 and 2020, the researchers of BRAC Institute of Governance and Development (BIGD), BRAC University and Copenhagen Consensus Center (CCC) urged the government policy makers at a seminar on Smart Interventions for 7th Plan Priorities, on 09 January 2017, at the BRAC Centre Inn.

Five different papers on Impact of e-procurement on reducing corruption and promoting competition, by Dr. Wahid Abdallah, Research Fellow, BIGD; Land Digitization for Smart Governance, by Ms. Sumaiya Kabir Talukder, Katalyst; Justice at the village level: What is the smart policy?, by Ms. Nabila Zaman, BIGD; Strengthening UDCs for Accelerated Public Service Delivery, and RMG Palli and Factory Compliance, by Mr. Hasanuzzaman, Outreach Manager, CCC, were presented at the seminar.


Dr. Shamsul Alam, Member, General Economics Division (GED), Planning Commission, Ministry of Planning and Mr. Anir Chowdhury, Policy Advisor, a2i, Prime Minister's Office (PMO), attended the seminar as the Guests of Honour. 

Dr. Nasiruddin Ahmed, Commissioner, Anti Corruption Commission (ACC); Mr. Mohammad Muslim Chowdhury, Additional Secretary, Finance Division; Mr. AKM Asaduzzaman Patwary, Research Fellow, Dhaka Chamber of Commerce and Industries (DCCI); and Mr. Shahariar Sadat, Academic Coordinator, South Asian Institute of Advanced Legal and Human Rights Studies (SAILS)  attended the seminar as panelists.  

Dr. Shamsul Alam, however, said the government should be careful about e-security with the expansion of digitization. Bangladesh Bank lost its US$ 81 million reserve fund due to security breach in electronic payment systems with its account holder, the New York Federal Reserve Bank. Hacking affected the recently held election in the US, he added.

On the basis of cost benefit analysis, the paper on UDC said benefit of Tk 8 would come from spending Tk 1 for expanding UDC service for giving service delivery of mobile banking, citizen certificates, application for machine readable passport and payment of utility bills. The paper also said international migration through the UDCs would generate benefit of Tk 22 from spending Tk 1.

In the other papers on land digitization and e-procurement, the BIDG researchers calculated that there would be big returns against less investment.

In 2011, the government introduced electronic government procurement on limited scale. Only 9.5 per cent of the total government procurement was carried through e-tendering.

Discussants, mostly government officials, lauded initiatives of the BIGD. They said ‘enforcement’ of government policy decisions was more important for improving service delivery than expansion of digitization.

Mr. Muslim Chowdhury said, the cost-benefit analysis was not credible as the researchers did not consider the ‘institutional issues’ and continuous ‘engineering process’. Digitization should not be regarded as a magical tool, he added.

Adviser to ‘a2i project’ of the PMO Mr. Anir Chowdhury said enforcement was always important for implementation of the government policy decisions. Giving an example of Chittagong Customs House (CCH), he said the authorities simplified the delivery system without expansion of the digital devices. He said the CCH authorities decreased the checking points to 6 from previous 42 to implement the government decisions in improving the port services.

Anti-corruption commissioner Nasiruddin Ahmed said the land department was out and out a corrupt organisation. Only digitization would not be able to curb corruption in the sector, he said, adding that long-term reform was needed to tackle the problems in the land sector.

The discussants, however, admitted that the topics described by the BIGD researchers in their papers were crucial. They said the government already prioritised almost all the issues in its seventh five-year plan that would expire in 2020.

The seminar was jointly organized by BIGD and CCC which aimed to discuss the findings of research on a series of important governance and justice policy interventions. Distinguished personalities, senior government officials, academics and experts also attended the seminar. 

BIGD organises a Seminar on the Political Economy of Social Protection 


BIGD organised a seminar titled the Political Economy of Social Protection in Developing Countries on April 7, 2016 at the BRAC Centre Inn, Dhaka. Dr. Syed Mansoob Murshed, Professor of the Economics of Peace and Conflict at the International Institute of Social Studies (ISS), Erasmus University in the Netherlands presented a paper titled on the Determinants of Social Protection Expenditure in a Cross Section of Developing Nations. Dr. Sultan Hafeez Rahman, Executive Director of BIGD chaired the seminar.

Distinguished participants at the open discussion

In the presentation Dr. Mansoob discussed the determinants of social protection and public health expenditure in a cross-section of heterogeneous developing countries. He shared that these types of spending are a function of fiscal capacity, the degree of democracy, institutional quality, inequality, internal conflict, trade openness, the presence of financial crises, food insecurity, as well as macroeconomic variables such as inflation and debt servicing that inhibit government expenditure.

Dr. Mansoob added that debt servicing robustly reduces social protection spending, whereas higher per-capita income and fiscal capacity encourage it. Greater openness does not necessarily encourage more spending, nor does increased inflation always inhibit it. Rising democratisation promotes social sector spending, and the presence of greater democracy and fiscal capacity reinforces this effect. More equal societies spend more on protection and public health. Internal conflict and crises variables have more ambiguous effects.Followed by the presentation of Dr. Mansoob, distinguished guests participated in an open discussion.  

Among other participants, representatives from BRAC, BRAC University, James P Grant School of Public Health, SANEM, University of Dhaka, IGC, and media attended the seminar.

Talk by Dr Sabina Alkire at BIGD
on Measuring Multidimensional Poverty
Prof. Sabina BIGD Visit 3
Dr Sabina Alkire, Director, Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), Department of International Development, University of Oxford visited BRAC Institute of Governance and Development (BIGD), BRAC University on May 19, 2016 and attended a talk with Researchers and Staff of BIGD in BIGD Conference Room. She delivered a presentation titled Measuring Multidimensional Poverty: Insights from around the world. BIGD Executive Director Dr. Sultan Hafeez Rahman welcomed Prof. Sabina to BIGD and chaired the event.  
Followed by the presentation, Dr. Sabina shared her findings and experience with the attendees. She  said, ‘poverty’ if measured, can importantly influence how we come to understand it, how we analyse it and how we create policies to tackle it. For these reasons, measurement, methodologies can be of tremendous practical relevance. This and various other practical factors have increased demands to understand poverty and social policies with a new light; which in turn have generated a unique need for comprehensive multidimensional poverty measurement. Therefore, Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) is a highly valuable tool in addition to the pre-existing uni-linier monetary poverty measurement.
Prof. Sabina Visit 2
Dr Sabina Alkire seen at the event (right)
Among others, BIGD Researchers and staff attended the talk.
Dr. Sabina directs the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI), a research centre within the Department of International Development, University of Oxford. She is also the Oliver T. Carr Professor and Professor of Economics and International Affairs at George Washington University (part time until 2016). She continues as research collaborator of the Harvard Global Equity Initiative at Harvard University. A Rhodes Scholar and an awardee of the ESRC Celebrating Impact Prize (International), Dr Alkire has written extensively on multidimensional poverty.

Citizens have every right to know and oversee where and how their money is being spent
Speakers stressed at a National Seminar on Citizen Engagement in Public Procurement

Citizens have the every right to know and oversee where and how their money is being spent. Citizens also have the right to know government procurement rules and whether the government is following the procurement laws, rules and precedents and maintaining transparency and accountability in terms of purchasing goods and services. Often, it is found that roads and bridges are destroyed within a few days of construction due to low quality work, said Abul Kalam Azad, MP, Chair, Parliamentary Standing Committee on Ministry of Planning at a Seminar titled ‘Citizen Engagement in Public Procurement’.

PPRP National SeminarDr. Mirza M Hassan, Dr. Sultan Hafeez Rahman, Mr. Farid Uddin Ahmed, Mr. Abul Kalam Azad MP, Dr. Zafrul Islam and Mr. Md. Faruque Hossain are seen at the seminar (from left)

CPTU, IME Division of Ministry of Planning and BRAC Institute of Governance and Development (BIGD), BRAC University co-organised this National Seminar at a Hotel in the capital on 1 December 2016. Farid Uddin Ahmed, Secretary of IMED chaired the seminar where Md. Faruque Hossain, DG, CPTU and Dr. Sultan Hafeez Rahman, Executive Director of BIGD made the welcome remarks. Dr. Mirza Hassan, Adjunct Fellow of BIGD and Dr. Zafrul Islam, Senior Procurement Specialist of World Bank Dhaka also spoke at the seminar.

Dr. Zafrul Islam said that public procurement is highly risky and World Bank is happy to cooperate the government to involve citizens with the initiative. According to the law, citizen has the right to public information and citizen engagement in public procurement can ensure transparency and accountability.

Mentioning the country's recent economic growth, Dr. Sultan Hafeez Rahman said that this is the perfect time to engage citizens to strengthen the development process.

Md. Faruque Hossain said we are accountable to the people, and the people will decide what they want to do and how. Mentioning the practical field experiences of citizen involvement in public procurement activities in Rangpur and Sirajganj, Dr Mirza Hasan said the quality of work has improved where our citizen committees have monitored the school and road constructions projects.. Generally, the contractors and the people associated with the construction work are more accountable to the people and contractors are bound to use, the best quality construction materials, although many of the engineers and contractors do not like to be held accountable to the citizens. He also added that political parties felt that involving citizens in public procurement had a negative impact on their level of power.

Participants at the open discussions emphasized that the citizens of the relevant project area need to be involved from the beginning, from the stage of project planning to be well informed about the project, and be trained about the project monitoring issues. They also said that the citizen committee should be developed with honest and expert citizens based on certain criteria and a central expert citizen committee can be built. Citizen involvement in public procurement can open up new horizon, they added.

To improve transparency and accountability in the huge amount of public spending in public procurement, and improve the quality of work and stop the wastage to ensure the best use public money, the government has taken the initiative to involve the citizens in public procurement as a third party. BIGD is providing the technical assistance to the CPTU, IMED to help design and implement the social accountability mechanism that aims to institutionalize and develop this third party monitoring system in the public procurement process in the country.


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