Rural Policy initiatives, agricultural reforms, exports boosted China’s development,
Reveal two China Agricultural University academics
Chinese development has been incremental through undertaking different rural policy initiatives including social protection policies. It institutionalized rural poverty reduction through building nation-wide institutions, identifying standards and undertaking plans such as agriculture feminization, said Mr. Zuo Ting, development expert and Professor at the China Agricultural University, Beijing.
Mr. Zuo Ting was addressing the Public lecture titled China’s Experience in Development, on China’s Development Experience, at the BRAC Centre Inn on Monday, 27 October, co-organised by BRAC Institute of Governance and Development (BIGD*), BRAC University and The Daily Star.
He also added many of Chinese development innovations grew up from the local areas and, though it is facing challenges such as vulnerability due to market, disaster, climate change, inequality, environmental degradation, and targeting issues, China is emphasizing on institutionalized rural poverty reduction System in order to achieve development-based poverty alleviation. Furthermore, Prof. Zuo outlined economic growth, rural development and poverty reduction of China.
Besides, pragmatic and effective market-oriented reforms, balancing growth with social and macroeconomic stability, interregional competition, domestic market integration and steady integration with the global economy also contributed to rural economic development, he said.
Initiating specific programmes, then involving line ministries and subsequently social mobilisation, this is the working pattern for rural poverty reduction, he added.
Dr. Wang Libin, noted development expert and Professor, China Agricultural University said in her lecture on Role of Women in Development: China Experience, unfortunately males are dominant in decision making process in China. Less than 1% of the village committees are headed by women. Approaches to gender mainstreaming in China include enhancing gender sensitization in poverty reduction, specific programs targeting women – capacity building, heath, income generation, etc.
The government formulated National Outline for the Development of Chinese Women (2011-2020) targeting to ensure women leadership in 10 percent of the village committees, employing around 40 percent of women and ensuring completion of nine years of primary and secondary education for 95 percent of girls, she said.
Microcredit activities, which were introduced in 1994 in China, also helped poor women, she added.
In responses to questions from the floor, the professors replied that there is strong competition among regions to attract foreign investment, new reform package declared in last year to let market take more decisive position/role, a specialized bureau was set up to take care of workers’ safety (e.g. coal mine accidents), and rural insurance policy introduced. China is emphasizing sustainable production and consumption and is trying to regulate development to happen it in sustainable manner. Its focus is humanization of development.
The Daily Star Managing Editor Salehuddin Ahmed viewed that poverty, regional disparity and environment deterioration were the major challenges to the further economic development of China.
BIGD Executive Director Dr. Sultan Hafeez Rahman chaired the event.
Among Others, A M M Nasir Uddin, former Secretary of GoB; Ms. Tahmina Rahman, Director, Article 19 (Bangladesh and South Asia); Mohammad Rafi, Head of research, BRAC; Dr. Jashim Uddin, Acting Director, BIIIS; Mr. Mosabber Hossain, Director, MMC; Mr. Showkat Gani, Senior Research Fellow, BRAC; BIGD and BRAC University Researchers and students from different universities were present at the programme.