The Master of Development Studies (MDS) is a postgraduate program of 48 credits. It consists of 3 Foundation courses (9 credits), 6 core courses (18 credits), 3 elective courses (9 credits) and a comprehensive course on Research Concepts, Methods and Application (12 credits). In addition, a student may be required to take one or more preparatory courses if his/her undergraduate preparation is not deemed adequate for the program.

Considering the diversity of courses included in the curriculum, the MDS Program provides for a wide variety of teaching-learning methods like lecture-discussion, debate, seminar, role plays, case study, workshop, project work, teamwork, research, etc. The teacher offering a course will carefully select and utilize the methods that are appropriate for the course and lesson objectives. Emphasis will, however, be given on choosing methods that enable a student to learn and apply theories in practice.

To facilitate placement in jobs, a student without job experience may avail of the option of internship for a semester so as to gain practical experience in development organizations. The internship will be supervised by a faculty and on completion the student will submit an internship report for the purpose of evaluation and grading. A certificate will be issued upon passing the internship.

Duration of the Program
The duration of the program will vary depending upon the number of credits a student registers for. If a student registers for 12 credits every semester, she\he will complete the program in 4 semesters.

Prospective Students
As the program is a multi-disciplinary one, students are selected from different disciplines.

The student body of MDS may include:
 Graduates and post-graduate diploma holders in development or related studies who want to deepen their understanding of the subject;
 Social science and other graduates who want to specialize in development studies;
 Professionals who are working in NGOs, development organizations or in the private sector with a development focus;
 Academics and researchers who want to refine their knowledge and research skills in development issues.

Following is the structure of the program:

Course Type

No. of courses

Credits

Foundation/Prerequisite courses

3

9

Core courses

6

18

Research Concepts, Methods and Application

3

9

Electives courses

3

9

Thesis (optional)

-

3

Total

45

  1. Foundation/Prerequisite courses: Three (3) Courses 3×3=9 Credits hours

DEV 300

Economics and Development

DEV 301

Fundamentals of Social Science I- Sociology and Anthropology of Development

DEV 302

Fundamentals of Social Science II- Politics, Political Economy and Government in Bangladesh

  1. B. Core courses : Six (6) Courses 6×3=18 Credits hours

DEV 501

Development Perspectives

DEV 502

Poverty: Concept, Measurement and Policy

DEV 503

Global Dimensions of Development

DEV 504

Rural Development

DEV 505

Gender and Development

DEV 506

Monitoring and Evaluation

  1. C. Research Concepts, Methods and Application: Three (3) Courses 3×3=9 Credits hours

DEV 690

Research Methods and Concepts

DEV 691

Statistics and Computer skill development

DEV 692

Research Design and Proposal Writing

  1. D. Electives courses: Three (3) Courses 3×3=9 Credits hours

DEV 601

Comparative Development Experience

DEV 602

Development Informatics

DEV 603

Education and Development

DEV 604

Environment and Development

DEV 605

Governance and Development

DEV 606

Health and Development

DEV 607

Indigenous Knowledge in Development

DEV 608

Microfinance and Development

DEV 609

Nationalism, Identity Politics and Development

DEV 610

NGOs and Social Entrepreneurship

DEV 611

Population and Development

DEV 612

Project Appraisal and Management

DEV 613

The Rights-Based Approach to Development

DEV 614

Technology and Development

DEV 615

Urban Development

DEV 616

Financial Management

DEV 617

Law and Development

DEV 618

Social Communication

DEV 619

Land Acquisition, Displacement and Development

DEV 620

Involuntary Resettlement and Rehabilitation

DEV 621

Development Induced Resettlement and Rehabilitation

  1. E. Thesis (optional): Three (1) Courses 3×1=3 Credits hours

DEV 693

Thesis

 Course Details
A. Foundation Courses

DEV 300: Principles of Economics

Objective: This course aims to build a solid understanding of basic economic principles and the methodology of how economists analyze problems. The course sets out to explain how a modern economy functions and to introduce the students the major economic problems.

Contents:

·         The nature and method of economics
·         Individual markets: demand and supply
·         Elasticity of demand and supply 
·         Production and cost
·         Market structures, with special focus on perfect competition and monopoly
·         Economic efficiency and market failure
·         Governing the market
·         Measurement of national income
·         Determination of national income: the aggregate demand and aggregate supply model
·         Unemployment
·         Inflation
·         The unemployment-inflation trade-off
·         Government budget and fiscal policy
·         Money creation and monetary policy
·         Business cycles
·         Economic growth
·         The theory of comparative advantage
·         Free trade versus protection
·         Balance of payments and exchange rate policy

DEV 301: Fundamentals of Social Science I- Sociology and Anthropology of Development

Objective: The objective of the course is to prepare the students to critically comprehend the structure and function of the society, and to sensitise them to existence of diversity in social organisation and culture. It also aims to introduce the students with the civilization, sociology, culture economics and politics tracing them through the evolutionary stages and with their impact on society. 

Contents :

  • What is sociology/anthropology and how does it connect with development
  • Evolution of sociology/anthropology
  • Key sociologists and anthropologists (Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx, Max Weber)
  • Theoretical perspectives (Functionalism, Conflict-theories, actor/agent-oriented perspectives)
  • Anthropology/sociology and colonialism- the connection of the development of the disciplines and colonialism
  • Anthropological perspectives from developing countries
  • who are “the others”. Positionality (how the background of a researcher/development worker influences her interaction with the locals)
  • Culture and Cultural variation (Sub-culture, counterculture, ethnocentrism, cultural relativism, cultural lag)
  • Social organization
  • Education- a) Education as an agent of change (Theory: Paolo Freire); Education and inequality (Theory: Basil Bernstein, Ivan Illich) Education and inequality in Bangladesh
  • Stratification
  • Social change
  • Community and participation
  • Social capital
  • Migration and diaspora


DEV 302: Fundamentals of Social Science II- Politics, Political Economy and Government in Bangladesh.

Objective: The course aims at acquainting the students with the political systems and processes with special reference to Bangladesh. The objective of this course is to help students know the basics of political philosophy as well as political economy and government in Bangladesh from a developmental perspective. This course also aims at encouraging critical thinking, analytical skills, knowledge enrichment, and problem-solving capabilities of the students. The successful completion of the course will help the students become successful leaders, administrators and managers in the field of development.


Contents:

·         Analytical approaches to the study of politics in the developing world
·         The developing world in the global economy
·         The developing world in international politics
·         Political economy of development
·         Nature and Origins of State
·         Forms and organs of Government
·         Political Culture and Political Modernization
·         Political Process
·         Pro-poor Politics
·         Policy Process
·         People’s Behaviour in Politics
·         Civil society
·         Political System and Political Process in Bangladesh


B. Core Courses

DEV 501: Development Perspectives

Objective: The course provides an overview of development theories and concepts. It aims to elucidate diverse meanings of the word 'development' and to explain alternative theories of why how and how development takes place in a given society or fails to do so.


Contents:

·         Development as structural change
·         Development as growth of national income
·         The theory of take-off
·         Development, dualism and modernisation theory
·         Marxist critique and the dependency school
·         Post-modernist critique of development theory
·         Development and distribution: the Kuznetz’s hypothesis
·         Redistribution with growth, basic needs and poverty alleviation
·         Capability, human development and development as freedom
·         The right to development as a human right
·         Sustainable development
·         Development, the state and the market
·         Development in the age of globalization


DEV 502:  Poverty: Concept, Measurement and Policy


Objective: The objective of this course is two-fold: (a) to apprise the students of the conceptual framework underlying the current discussions on poverty, and to (b) introduce some of the issues related to its measurement.

Contents

·         Poverty and inequality; absolute and relative poverty.
·         Measurement of inequality.
·         Poverty line income and measures of income poverty.
·         Different approaches to estimating poverty line: the methodological debates, with special reference to Bangladesh.
·         The concepts of poverty profile and poverty mapping.
·         Poverty as capability failure: human development and human poverty.
·         Poverty and human rights.
·         Chronic and transient poverty: poverty dynamics and poverty traps.
·         Poverty and vulnerability: the asset-vulnerability framework.
·         Poverty and sustainable livelihood.
·         Poverty and social exclusion.
·         Quantitative versus qualitative assessment of poverty.
·         Growth, distribution and poverty
·         Anti-poverty programmes
·         Issues of targeting


DEV 503: Global Dimensions of Development


Objective: The objective of this course is to examine the channels through which global forces shape national efforts at development. In particular, the course aims to acquaint students with the major debates surrounding the role of global forces in creating opportunities as well as constraints for national development.

Contents

·         Foreign aid and economic development: the Bretton Woods institutions, the United Nations development agencies and bilateral donors
·         Conditionality of foreign aid
·         Private foreign capital inflow into developing countries
·         Foreign direct investment and transnational corporations
·         Debt crisis and financial crises
·         Reform of the international financial architecture
·         Trade liberalisation and development
·         Reform of the international trading system: GATT and WTO
·         Trade, transnational corporations and labour standards
·         Trade and environment
·         Issues in trade-related intellectual property rights
·         Structural adjustment programmes: rationale and impact
·         The role of the state in a globalising world



DEV 504: Rural Development

Objective: This course will investigate various dimensions of rural development, bearing in mind the relationship between rural and non-rural spheres. Illustrations will be drawn mainly from Bangladesh.

Contents:

·         Rural underdevelopment: the legacy of colonial patterns of production
·         Rural underdevelopment in the post-colonial era: the theory of urban bias
·         The importance of agriculture in the early stage of development
·         Determinants of agricultural growth
·         Agrarian reform and rural development
·         Inter-sectoral linkages and the impact of the wider economy
·         The rural non-farm sector
·         Rural finance
·         Rural infrastructure
·         Rural migration
·         The problems of service delivery in rural areas
·         Common property resources and rural development
·         The integrated rural development approach
·         Decentralisation and community participation in rural development
·         The role of NGOs in rural development

DEV 505: Gender and Development



Objective: The objective of this course is three-fold: (a) to apprise of the students of the facts and theories about gender discrimination, with special reference to the process of economic development, (b) to explain the consequences of gender discrimination for economic development, and (c) to discuss strategies for ending gender discrimination in the development process.

Contents:
·         Gender and sex: some basic concepts.
·         Theories of gender discrimination: feminist perspectives.
·         Patriarchy and the sub-ordination of women: facts and theories.
·         Women in Development: alternative perspectives.
·         Theories of the household: roots of gender discrimination within the household.
·         Aspects of gender discrimination in developed and developing societies.
·         Gender discrimination in South Asia, with special reference to Bangladesh.
·         Social consequences of gender discrimination: on production, education, health, and population.
·         The role of women in the Bangladesh economy.
·         Engendering the development process in Bangladesh: achievements and failures.
·         Women’s agency and women’s empowerment: alternative routes – employment, education, social mobilisation.
·         Women’s empowerment through the rights-based approach: the human rights perspective.
·         Gender budgeting and gender analysis of development projects



DEV 506: Monitoring and Evaluation of Development Programmes


Objective: This 3 credit course aims to provide the key concepts and skills needed to develop, manage and carry out monitoring and evaluation of development projects. The idea is to provide generic concepts and tools though project specific examples will be used as case studies. The focus will be on developing a mindset of critical enquiry and openness to the diversity of methodologies ranging from survey based to participatory.

Contents

·         Defining monitoring and evaluation
·         Logical framework approach and design
·         Defining concepts and techniques for impact evaluation
·         Key steps in designing and implementing impact evaluations
·         Applying analytical methods for impact evaluation: Case studies
·         Good practices of impact evaluation
·         Participatory and community-based monitoring and evaluation
·         Method mix: what, why and when?
·         Social performance management: concepts and applications
·         The feedback loop: Making monitoring and evaluation count


C.  Research Concepts, Methods and Application

Objectives: Each student will be required to take these three courses divided into three semesters and beginning during the second semester of their study. These courses will concentrate on concepts, methods and techniques of social science research. Students will get the first hand opportunity to apply the research tools and techniques. Each student will produce a research proposal and an extended essay on a chosen topic under the supervision of a Research Guide. The student will present and defend the proposal before a committee.

DEV690: Research Methods and Concepts

Contents

·         Scientific approaches and explanation to knowledge 
·         Objectives and role of research in attaining knowledge
·         Approaches of research: Positivism; Interpretive social science; Critical social science; Phenomenology
·         Broad divisions in research: applied research; qualitative research and; quantitative research
·         Qualitative Research methods



DEV 691: Statistics and Computer skill development

Objective: The course aims at developing the students’ basic skills in quantitative methods in research by laying a foundation in the fundamentals of mathematics and statistics and familiarizing students with basic computer software used in quantitative social research.

Contents :

·         The concepts of function and equation
·         Linear, quadratic, logarithmic and exponential functions
·         Solution of linear equations: single equation and simultaneous equations
·         Simple differentiation
·         Random variables and frequency distributions
·         Central tendency and dispersion of frequency distributions
·         Correlation analysis
·         The concept and basic rules of probability
·         Theoretical probability distributions: normal and binomial
·         Sample statistics and population parameters
·         Sampling distribution
·         Estimation of population parameters: point estimation and confidence intervals
·         Basic tests of hypotheses: mean, proportion, variance, correlation coefficient, association of attributes
·         Simple linear regression and correlation
·         Time series data: trends and seasonal components
·         The index number problem
·         Appropriate statistical software


DEV 692: Research Design and Proposal Writing

Objective: The students will learn the techniques of research and how to design a viable research. They will concentrate on selection and formulation of a research problem and write a successful research proposal based on an identified research problem.


Contents:

·         Problem – as defined in research
·         Selection of a research topic
·         Literature review
·         Formulation of specific research problem
·         Relating the research problem with other knowledge
·         Concepts and working definition
·         Determining the feasibility of the research               
            a. Scope of the problem
            b. Time
            c. Money
            d. Equipment

·         What the report should contain – Statement of problem, Research procedure, Result,
·         Discussion of implication, Summary, Modification of short report.
·         The style of report
·         Reference
·         Ethic in social science research


DEV 693:  Thesis (optional): Students may choose to write a thesis based on the proposal defended in DEV 692. The thesis will be an original research work completed under the supervision of a supervisor assigned by the university. The thesis will be approximately 30 pages long. A student will have to present and defend his/her thesis in front of committee. After a successful defense and necessary revisions, the student will be eligible to get an MDS with a thesis.  

D. Elective Courses:

DEV 601: Comparative Development Experience

Objective: This course seeks to introduce students to the variety of development experience in different time periods and in different regions of the world, with a view to sensitising them to the existence of multiple paths to as well as multiple constraints on development.


Contents:

·         Development - past and present: the quickening pace of economic growth
·         Capitalism, socialism and the third world
·         The experience of economic transition from centrally planned to market economies
·         The Latin American experience of growth and inequality
·         Economic stagnation of sub-Saharan Africa
·         The East Asian story and the South-east Asian NICs
·         The development experience of South Asia, with special reference to Bangladesh


DEV 602:Development Informatics


Objective: The course will examine the existing use and future potential of computers and Internet use in various development activities, including


Contents:

·         Computers in Rural Development
·         E - Government
·         Local Governance and Information Systems
·         Information systems to support decentralisation initiatives in planning and local governance network
·         ICT in Education
·         E-Commerce
·         Cyber law, legal issues
·         MIS and Computers in Project management
·         Use of information resources available through Internet
·         Case studies of ICT applications in development from round the world 


DEV 603: Education and Development

Objective: This course seeks to acquaint the students with the role of education in human development, poverty alleviation and empowerment, and with the alternative approaches for promoting education for development.


Contents:

·         The role of education in promoting development: theory and evidence
·         Education for harnessing resources: human, natural and financial
·         Education for all: how it can promote development
·         Approaches to development education: the Bangladesh experience
·         Education for people-centered development
·         Education for alleviating poverty and empowering the poor
·         Mainstreaming the poor in development: what education can do
·         Education for decentralized development administration
·         Education for sustainable development
·         Financing education for development: can it be financed from below?
·         Dissemination of knowledge through people’s organizations: the Bangladesh experience


DEV 604: Environment and Development

Objective: This course aims at acquainting students with the multiple channels through which environment and development interact with each other. It also introduces students to the various instruments that are being designed to reconcile the potentially conflicting concerns for environmental protection and economic development.

Contents:
·         Renewable versus non-renewable resources
·         Tragedy of the commons
·         Dimensions of the environmental problem: deforestation, soil erosion, water scarcity, loss of bio-diversity, loss of common property resources, outdoor pollution, indoor pollution,              climatic change
·         Relationship between economic growth and pollution
·         Policy instruments for pollution control: tax/subsidy, command/control and tradable permits
·         Poverty-population-environment nexus
·         Sustainable development
·         Gender and environment
·         Indigenous knowledge and environment
·         Community participation in environmental management
·         Earth summit and international protocols on environment


DEV 605: Governance and Development

Objective: To provide students with a theoretically informed understanding of governance issues and the ways in which it impinges on various development questions. In addition, the students will acquire analytical skills to develop, analyze and implement governance policies in specific institutional settings.

Contents:

·         Analytical perspectives on the contemporary evolution of good governance agenda
·         Political economy/sociological analysis to governance and development
·         Micro-analytic/choice-theoretic perspectives to governance and development
·         Theories of corruption; corruption and development
·         Political economy of governance reform
·         Democracy and good governance
·         Local governance and the political economy of decentralization
·         Civil society and their role in reforming governance
·         NGO governance and downward accountability


DEV 606: Health and Development

Objective: The objective of this course is to introduce developmental issues that affect health of the population and vice versa. Basic concepts for the analysis of development and its impact on health, nutrition and human wellbeing will be introduced. The emphasis will be on poverty, population growth, food supply and consumption, health and development linkages, equity in health, gender dimension of health and institutional aspects of development.


Contents:

·         Defining health and development and their linkages
·         Conceptual issues of poverty and ill health: their interrelationship
·         Framework to study social determinants/inequities in health
·         Policy and programmatic response to the issue of health in development
·         Bangladesh as a case study: importance of creating and mobilizing demand for health
·         Health transition and the emerging regime of diseases
·         Health financing and sustainability
·         Health and environment
·         Qualitative and quantitative methods in health research
        

DEV 607:  Indigenous Knowledge in Development

Objective: The objective of this course is to examine the view that understanding indigenous knowledge systems and their evolution can hold extremely valuable lessons for designing effective development interventions and approaches.

Contents:

·         Knowledge: its emergence
·         Knowledge and power relations
·         Indigenous knowledge: key concepts
·         Methodological issues in research on indigenous knowledge
·         The debates: indigenous versus scientific knowledge; indigenous knowledge versus indigenous technical knowledge
·         Indigenous knowledge and development
·         Indigenous knowledge and rural livelihood
·         Indigenous knowledge and gender
 .        Indigenous knowledge and intellectual property rights issues


DEV 608: Microfinance and Development

Objectives: Students taking this elective course will have a good understanding of the evolution of thinking and practice and the debates underpinning microfinance, with special focus on the role of microfinance in alleviating poverty.

 Contents:

·         The important of financial services in poverty alleviation
·         Theories of informal credit market
·         Alternative theoretical paradigms regarding the role of financial services (Ohio school, Imperfect Information Paradigm, Financial Systems Approach, etc.) and how they are shaping the microfinance discourse

·         The history and role of microfinance institutions at various levels (CGAP, Micro credit Summit, WWB, PKSF, etc.)
·         Alternative models of microfinance (Group lending, Individual lending, NGO-model, SHG model, Commercial model, Integrated Approach, etc.)
·         Experience with microfinance in different regions of the world
·         Various ways in which the poor manage their money
·         Tools for doing market research in microfinance
·         The elements of successful microfinance: dynamics of growth, deep outreach to the poor, and sustainability.
·         Determining the prospects for the institutional and financial viability of microfinance. Acquiring basic skills in financial analysis and institutional analysis using case studies and field visits.

·         Calculating and interpreting key ratios that institutions and donors use to analyse and track financial performance and efficiency.

DEV 609:   Nationalism, Identity Politics and Development

Objective:  This course aims to provide an understanding of how the multifarious forces like religiosity, ethnicity, communalism, etc., compete with each other and contribute to the development of national identity of various population groups. The empirical focus will be on the experience of Bangalis and on explaining how the sense of nationalism can be engineered in the achievement of effective development in Bangladesh.

Contents:

·      Theories of nationalism
·      Modernity and the birth of nations: the Asian discourse
·        Identity in crisis and post-nationalism
·        Bengal Muslims: problems in social integration (crisis of identity)
·        Towards political solidarity and communal separatism
·      Nationalism in the 21st century
·      Religion and nationalism, traditionalism and modernization
·      Religion and modernization
·      Religious revivalism, religious resurgence
·      Religious organization and religion-economic alliances
·      Religion and politics in Bangladesh, India and Pakistan
·        Fundamentalists and traditionalists: from confrontation to consensus
·      Ethnicity and nationalism, identity and integration
·      Problems of sub-nationalism
·      Ethnic problem, conflict management and approaches to reconciliation



DEV 610: NGOs and Social Entrepreneurship

Objective: The course is designed to give the students an exposure to the experiences of NGOs in promoting social enterprises and to help them acquire the professional competencies (knowledge, skills, and attitudes) required to establish (or re-structure) a social enterprise, programme or project. This course emphasizes the importance of social purpose, social responsibility and ethics in managing any organization, program, project or enterprise.

Contents:

·         A critical examination of the processes of NGO development as a third sector and as a development institution.
·         Current theories of entrepeneurship; differences between business and social entrepreneurs
·         Social enterprise and venture philanthropy.
·         The concept of social change and the contribution of social entrepreneurs in facilitating the changes.
·         Comparative analysis of social profitability and market profitably in the context of social enterprise.
·         Planning and management of social enterprise
·         The legal, taxation and regulatory rules, regulations and procedures affecting social enterprises.
·         Assessing the performance of social enterprises
·         Strategic partnership for developing social enterprises.
·         The role of transformational leadership and high performing team work in developing and maintaining social enterprise. 
·         Case studies of successful social entrepreneurship


DEV 611: Population and Development

Objective: The objective of this course is to explicate determinants and consequences of population growth, with a special focus on the interactions between population growth on the one hand and socio-economic development on the other.

Contents:

·         Basic demographic concepts
·         Sex ratio and gender discrimination
·         The theory of demographic transition
·         Theories of fertility decline
·         Education and fertility
·         Women’s agency and fertility
·         Fertility decline in Bangladesh: pattern and causes
·         Fertility decline and the problems of ageing
·         Large population: burden or resource?
·         Economic development and population growth: two-way linkages


DEV 612: Project Appraisal and Management

Objective: This course deals with the issues and principles involved in the identification, preparation, appraisal and management of developments projects.

Contents:

·         Basic techniques of project planning
·         Basic techniques of project analysis and appraisal
·         Shadow prices and social cost-benefit analysis
·         Management of projects
·         Stakeholders analysis
·         Impact assessment, including gender and environmental impact assessment
·         Participatory rural appraisal and the use of techniques such as logical framework

DEV 613: The Rights-Based Approach to Development

Objective: The objective of this course is to familiarise the students with the basic ideas of the human rights discourse and to introduce to them the emerging literature on the implications of adopting a rights-based approach to economic and social development.

Contents:
·         The philosophical foundations of the concept of right.
·         Different concepts of right. The distinctiveness of human rights.
·         A brief history of the evolution of human rights.
·         Human rights instruments and institutions.
·         The Right to Development – history and concept.
·         Rights and capabilities.
·         Human rights and human development.
·         Rights and resources: the concept of progressive realisation of human rights.
·         Rights and obligations: accountability of the State and non-State actors.
·         Claiming rights: participation and empowerment.
·         The distinctive features of the rights-based approach to development.
·         Universal human rights versus cultural relativism.

DEV 614: Technology and Development

Objective: The course aims at familiarizing the students with the major issues involved in utilizing technology in development process.

Contents:

·         Role of Technology  in Development
·         Components of Technology
·         Technology Transfer
·         Technology choice/ Selection
·         Technology life cycle
·         Impact on productivity and labour
·         Technology Policy
·         Impact of  Globalization on Technology Transfer

DEV 615: Urban Developments

Objective: This course will investigate selected issues related to urban development, primarily in the developing regions of the world. Case studies and descriptive examples will be employed throughout.

Contents:

·         Migration and urbanisation
·         Financing and managing urban services
·         Urban poverty and slums
·         Urban environmental problems
·         Citizen participation in urban planning
·         Sustainable cities

DEV 616: Financial Management
Objective:

This course covers the foundations of accounting and finance, and uses of  these foundations for   financial decisions

Contents:

·         Accounting concepts and process
·         Preparation and analysis of financial statements
·         Concepts and classification of coats
·         Costing Methods
·         Break even analysis
·         Cash Budget
·         Cash flow and fund flow
·         Cost of capital
·         Capital Budgeting

DEV 617: Law and Development

Objective: At the conclusion of the course, students should have achieved the following learning outcomes:

(a)   be able to demonstrate a comprehensive knowledge of the types of law and development problems facing less development nations;

(b)   be able to display an understanding of some of the many ways in which law is involved in the development process;

(c)    be able to evaluate the operation of the law in the development process and vice versa;

(d)  be able to use both legal and non-legal research resources in order to complete a piece of independent research, which relates to the course.


Contents

·         Introduction: Conceptions of Law, Legal System, Legal Institutions, Rule of Law, Law Reform, Legal Transplant, Legal Culture.
·         Understanding Development: Economic Theories of Development; Cultural Theories of Development; Legal Theories of Development.
·         Role of Law in Development: Law and Social Development; Law and Economic Development; Law and Political Development.
·         Law and Development Movement and it’s Techniques.
·         International Legal Technical Assistance: Scrutinizing under a Cost-Benefit Analysis
·         Case Studies from Asia, Africa and Latin America

DEV618: Social Communication

Objective: New generation development programs recognize that there is a need to mobilize the society to achieve program objectives and targets and measure investment in this sector through accepted methods and systems. To achieve this objective, students will learn theories of social communication and attain professional expertise in social and development communication in this course.

Contents

·         Social development and social change. Interrelations of various forms of change in development
·         Exploring communication and empowerment with individual and social contexts
·         Interpersonal communication, social communication and linkages with development anthropology and development sociology
·         Traditional development models and traditional methods of Advocacy, Communication and Social Mobilization (A/C/SM)
·         Rights based approaches to A/C/SM. The emergence of social communication in empowerment based development practices
·         Participation, Interaction and Mobilization (PIM) model of social communication
·         Integrating program strategy and social communication strategy
·         Different models of social communication in Bangladesh
·         Planning behavior change on a rights based platform for programs
·         Steps in developing products and process
·         Developing and monitoring indicators
·         Assessment and evaluations
·         Integrating participation and interaction into social mobilization

DEV 619: Land Acquisition, Displacement and Development

Course Description& objective:

This course will introduce the concept of sustainable development with a special emphasize on the issue of displacement to the students. Under the sustainable development approach, development induced displacement and resulted resettlement will be discussed. The course then will move forward to the concept of displacement along with its taxonomical and contextual diversity. The students will get an in-depth idea about various types of resettlement and will be able to compare and contrast these different approaches. The course will focus on the role of state and the pattern of interaction among different state institutions to make students able to explore state’s better functioning through democratic exercise. The human right issues and violation of these rights by state will also be highlighted which will help participants to apply human rights issue in different infrastructure projects and the role of social movements that seek justice to the right of citizens.The struggle between property right and eminent domain will be discussed in this module. Student will be familiarized with the reasons behind injustice caused by eminent domain. Through this course, student will be familiarized with practices of different parts of the world and practices with different outcomes. Finally the course focus will be given to the innovations in resettlement practices that are successful in addressing and mitigating specific problems.

DEV 620: Involuntary Resettlement and Rehabilitation: Public Infrastructure Project Appraisal and Planning

Course description& objective:

This course will introduce project cycle management with the specific tools and instruments commonly utilized by resettlement practitioners in the various phases of the land acquisition and resettlement project cycle. The development of a project through various steps with relevant case studies will be discussed throughout the module. Management strategies of different donor agencies to design, appraise and prepare project will be analyzed. The effectiveness of logical framework approach for better project management and different tools that are used for enhancing project quality will be explored.In the later part, the method of applying avoid-minimize-mitigate framework in projects will be delivered to the students. Different strategies of mitigation and management under AMM framework will be explored. Student will be able to understand comparative analysis among different alternatives in order to minimize impact and for better solution of specific development projects.One of the key phases of the resettlement project cycle is the identification of impacts on affected stakeholders to assess the feasibility of the project. The Social Impact Assessment (SIA) and Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) are the most common tools, which will be discussed in details.

The last module of this course addresses the importance of consultation and communication for effective management of resettlement programs with focus on issues of conflict management and grievance resolution. The students will learn various modalities for identifying directly and indirectly affected people, and stakeholders that need to be consulted in the various stages of land acquisition and resettlement planning and implementation and they will be challenged to find effective solutions to common conflict situations encountered in land acquisition and resettlement programs through hands-on exercises, role-playing, and case studies.

DEV 621: Development Induced Resettlement and Rehabilitation: Management, Implementation and Monitoring (Module 9-12)

Course description& Objective:

The Resettlement Action Plan (RAP) is the document that encapsulates all decisions and actions to avoid, minimize and mitigate impacts related to land acquisition and resettlement. This course will take the student through all the steps necessary to build a RAP and the timing of its preparation vis-à-vis the overall project cycle.

The students will be familiarized with the key concepts and definitions utilized in the RAP literature and practice. Critical aspects such as calculating losses, compensation packages, the determination of eligibility for entitlements, the compilation of lists of affected people and their respective assets inventories will be addressed in detail. Students will also learn participatory methodologies commonly used in the preparation of a RAP. Case studies will be presented and students will take part in a series of hands-on exercises on RAP preparation and design.

The course will address the issue of reconstructing livelihoods of affected people, and different types of management tools and instruments related to projects.

This course will finally focus on the importance of M&E in planning and managing land acquisition and resettlement projects. Specific process and outcome indicators utilized by practitioners in designing an M&E system for resettlement programs, as well as the institutional and human resources aspects of implementing effective M&E programs will be discussed. Particular attention will be paid to the design of a monitoring system to ensure proper and timely implementation of the program, as well as the achievement of stated goals – including livelihood rehabilitation. Resettlement practitioners will introduce the students to different ways of building performance indicators specific to resettlement programs and M&E tools and techniques used.